Gardening & Living in Grand Style
Vegetable garden issues and tips
by Michael Johnson
Utah State University Extension Agent, Grand County
Sep 06, 2018 | 194 views | 0 0 comments | 13 13 recommendations | email to a friend | print
This growing season is winding down and while hot and dry summers are the norm, this one seems to have been a bit over the top. But the rain we just had was very welcome. Luckily, we still have a good month and a half to bring in more produce, enjoy our flowers and have fun in hopefully warm but not hot weather. All you gardeners know that there is no year that doesn’t have its share of issues and solutions and I want to pass some along to possibly help you in the future.

A fairly common gardening issue each summer is vegetables getting sunscald. With our bright summer days, if your vegetable plants don’t have enough foliage, the fruit can get a sunburn. This is common with tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, but can happen with other vegetables. A discussion with a colleague brought up research on shading vegetables with shade cloth. It’s common for locally sold shade cloth to provide about 75 percent shade, but for shading vegetables it’s best to use shade cloth in the 30 percent shade range. This allows plenty of light so growth isn’t inhibited while shading just enough that vegetables without sufficient foliage cover don’t get burned.

It happens that I love shade cloth and use it quite extensively around the house and so I bought some to shade my tomatoes, cucumbers and squash. I must say I am quite happy with the result, which was no leaf scorch or sunburn on the vegetables, and as an added benefit the ground stayed a bit cooler and the soil surface moisture evaporation was slower. Next year I plan to cover my raised beds knowing it will easily pay for itself with improved plant growth.

A common pest many bemoan is the squash bug. Due to their lack of desire to deal with this insect, many people don’t grow squash and this is one insect that really annoys me since I love squash. The best way to control it is to regularly scout or check under the leaves and around the stems. This initially should be done daily once the squash get of some size, and it does take time but really works if you stay at it. That said, many feel it’s hard to find the insects. A process that helps is to lightly spray or pour a little water around the base of the plant and along the stem.

Apparently, squash bugs don’t like to get wet and they will climb up the stems. At that point, it’s pretty easy to grab them and dispose of them. If you don’t like the smell of squashed squash bugs, consider keeping a mason jar with a little water and vegetable oil in it around the plants and drop the insects in it, and at the end of the season get rid of them. I used this approach this year and had a much more extended squash growing season with limited eggs and squash bug babies.

A last pointer concerns spider mites. They love hot and dry weather, especially dusty hot and dry weather that makes them love Grand County. While spider mites can get on all types of ornamental plants, in the vegetable garden they seem to love tomatoes. The leaves become speckled and look a bit odd when numbers are high. If you spray your plants with water every few days, that alone can make all the difference. You do need to start doing this by early to mid-June and keep it up, so it is a bit late for this year. I have seen yards that had this as a reoccurring issue, but when gardeners started doing this, they no longer had them as a problem.

So keep up the good gardening and enjoy the rest of the season.

Previous articles can be found on The Times-Independent website. If you have a topic you would like to know more about call the Utah State University Extension Grand County office at 435-259-7558 or email Mike at mike.johnson@usu.edu.

Johnson is an associate professor at Utah State University Extension in Grand County.


Copyright 2013 The Times-Independent. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

report abuse...

Express yourself:

We're glad to give readers a forum to express their points of view on issues important to this community. That forum is the “Letters to the Editor.” Letters to the editor may be submitted directly to The Times-Independent through this link and will be published in the print edition of the newspaper. All letters must be the original work of the letter writer – form letters will not be accepted. All letters must include the actual first and last name of the letter writer, the writer’s address, city and state and telephone number. Anonymous letters will not be accepted.

Letters may not exceed 400 words in length, must be regarding issues of general interest to the community, and may not include personal attacks, offensive language, ethnic or racial slurs, or attacks on personal or religious beliefs. Letters should focus on a single issue. Letters that proselytize or focus on theological debates will not be published. During political campaigns, The Times-Independent will not publish letters supporting or opposing any local candidate. Thank you letters are generally not accepted for publication unless the letter has a public purpose. Thank you letters dealing with private matters that compliment or complain about a business or individual will not be published. Nor will letters listing the names of individuals and/or businesses that supported a cause or event. Thank you letters about good Samaritan acts will be considered at the discretion of the newspaper.