Those who hike or camp in an area where deer live in Utah shouldn’t be surprised if they come across a deer fawn, or maybe even an elk calf, during the early summer.
They are often born in June, which is why you may find one during your outdoor adventures in early summer, said Faith Jolley, spokesperson for the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources.
If they do happen to see one in the wild, they probably won’t see its mother. Not seeing its mother might lead them to believe that the animal has been abandoned. But that’s rarely the case, Jolley said.
“Deer fawns are actually alone and isolated during their first weeks of life — and that’s on purpose,” Utah Division of Wildlife Resources Big Game Coordinator Covy Jones said. “The mother knows that leaving the fawn alone is the best way to protect it from predators.”
Newborn big game animals fall into two categories: followers and hiders. Followers include bison calves and bighorn sheep lambs, which follow their mothers shortly after they’re born. Hiders, such as mule deer fawns and elk calves, do the opposite — they hide, alone, for most of the day, said Jolley.
During the day, a doe will reunite with its fawn for a short time, to nurse it and care for it. Then, to draw attention away from where the fawn is hiding, the mother will leave the fawn. The doe will spend the rest of the day feeding and resting.
Fawns are born with a creamy brown coat that’s covered with white spots. This camouflaged coat allows the fawn to blend in with its surroundings. Fawns don’t give off much scent, so it’s difficult for predators to smell them. Hiding is the best way for the fawn to stay safe, Jolley said.
After two or three weeks, the fawn grows strong enough to start accompanying its mother, Jolley said.
Here’s what to do:
Don’t approach it. Watch it or take a photo of it from a distance, but don’t go near it. In almost every case the fawn has not been abandoned by its mother.
Don’t touch it or pet it. Finding and petting newly born animals is another problem because the animal’s survival depends on it being left alone. If you touch it, you may leave your scent on the animal, which could draw predators to it.
Give it plenty of space. Even if you don’t touch the fawn, getting too close can cause the fawn to run away from you, leaving its hiding place.
“Keeping your distance and not touching wildlife are the keys to keeping young animals alive,” Jones said.
For more tips about how to safely live with wildlife, visit the Wild Aware Utah website.